How To Get Your Skin Ready For Fall

Your game plan for repairing summer skin and preparing for cooler temps.
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Michelle Villett
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Your game plan for repairing summer skin and preparing for cooler temps.

The other day on Instagram, my friend Wing posted a #PSA (public service announcement) that sums up exactly how I feel about the current seasonal transition:

Right? It's not fall... yet.

It'll be a few more weeks before the cold weather actually hits, which means it's the perfect time to a) get back into a skincare routine and b) undo any summer damage.

Here are the changes to consider making right now:

1. Step up your exfoliation.

Exfoliating pads

Exfoliating pads can remove dull skin and prevent breakouts. (Photo: Sally)

There are a few reasons why you want to get going on your exfoliation right away:

  • To prevent acne: Ever broken out at the start of fall and wondered, what's up with that? Well, one reason it might've happened is because your skin's oil production didn't slow down—it just got trapped under a layer of dead skin cells caused by less moisture in the air. Remove the dead skin, and you have less chance of getting clogs.
  • To brighten: As summer ends, skin can look a bit rough and blotchy, with more noticeable pigmentation. Gently sloughing away the upper layer of dead cells can make your skin feel softer and look brighter and more even-toned. (More on pigmentation below!)
  • To help other products work harder: Exfoliation will increase the effectiveness of any serums, creams and masks that you use afterwards. It may sound a bit counterintuitive to use an acid or a peel when your skin is asking for hydration, for example, but moisturizing agents won't be able to penetrate as well if they are blocked by a barrier of dead skin. The same goes for anti-aging ingredients, antioxidants and so on.

I prefer acid-based exfoliating agents over scrubs, which can be too irritating and even create microscopic tears in the skin. You will get some sloughing benefit from the Clarisonic Skin Cleansing System or Foreo Luna, but results can be hit and miss for some people.

Product recommendations:

But really, there are so many companies that make these types of acid-soaked pads now, so take your pick!

No matter which exfoliator you choose, the important thing is stay within the limits of what your skin can handle. In general, most dermatologists don't recommend exfoliating more often than once or twice a week, although I know some people do it daily without a problem. Let your skin be your guide. If you get red, irritated or raw, that's a sure sign that you are overdoing it and need to back off.

2. Deal with pigmentation.

Sun damage

Pigmentation is one of the most challenging skin concerns to treat.  (Photo: Jereme Rauckman)

Sun spots, brown spots, age spots, liver spots. Whatever you want to call them, pigmentation caused by sun damage is a bitch to get rid of! These are your choices:

  • Pigment inhibitors: There are many over-the-counter topical ingredients that help to decrease the amount of pigment produced by your melanocyte (pigment-producing) skin cells. Vitamin C, azelaic acid, kojic acid and arbutin are a few of the most common ingredients you might see on labels. Unfortunately, their impact on stubborn spots is usually modest at best.
  • Hydroquinone: This is a skin-lightening cream that is available over-the-counter in Canada in 2 percent and 4 percent concentrations. (I think you can only buy 2 percent in the U.S.) Higher concentrations may be available from your doctor by prescription. It is known to work better than the pigment inhibitors, but be aware that there are some concerns about toxicity. It has been banned in France and is under review by the FDA. You should never use hydroquinone for more than six months at a time.
  • Peels and microdermabrasion: We already talked about acid-based exfoliation, and it should be a key part of any pigment-reducing home care routine. Alpha-hydroxy acids such as glycolic and lactic are your best choices; go with lactic if your skin is more dry or sensitive, as it will be gentler. You can also get professional chemical peels and/or microdermabrasion treatments for a deeper exfoliation.
  • Retinoids: These are vitamin A derivatives that work by speeding up skin cell turnover and stimulating collagen production. Over-the-counter, choose from retinyl palmitate, retinol or retinaldehyde. By prescription, you can get retinoic acid; Retin-A or Stieva-A are brand names usually available in Canada. Differin and Tazorac are synthetic retinoids, but work the same way. Obviously, the prescription stuff will do more; read my tips for how to use Retin-A.
  • IPL and lasers: IPL stands for Intense Pulsed Light, and honestly, it works! In case you missed it, I wrote all about my experiences with IPL for pigmentation. Basically, you are zapped with light energy that breaks down the brown pigment in your skin. Fraxel (fractional laser) is a more intensive option for more serious sun damage. I wrote about Fraxel in this Globe and Mail article.

If you are going to start any of these treatments, you need to be diligent about the sunscreen. In fact, I've found that even that doesn't prevent the spots from appearing when you are getting sun exposure. So hide from the sun and become a vampire is what I'm saying, basically. Ha!

Product recommendations:

  • Miracle 10 Solution 1: I am a longtime fan of this topical glycolic acid gel that you can leave on under moisturizer. It comes in 3 percent and 5 percent strengths. You can also try their AHA Cream, reviewed here
  • Lumixyl: This is a four-step system that you have to get through doctor's offices (although it's still non-prescription). A derm I trust recommends it, and I think it's probably the best choice if you don't want to go the hydroquinone or Retin-A route. The peeling step (Glycopeel) is super-strong!
  • Lustra: This is a 4 percent hydroquinone that I've tried and liked.
  • Avène TriAcnéal: It's supposed to be for acne, but think the retinaldehyde and glycolic acid is a good combo. It's since been reformulated to be even more effective, but I reviewed the older version here.

Other than Lumixyl, I don't have a pigment inhibitor on this list because I've honestly never found one that worked. If you have, let me know in the comments!

3. Start cleansing more gently.

Cleanse more gently

Ease up on the hot showers and harsh cleansers so you don't strip your skin. (Photo: malloreigh)

If your skin produces a lot of oil year-round, then gel, foaming and scrubbing cleansers are great. Some normal-to-oily types can get away with them in the summertime as well. 

But as the colder weather arrives, combo and normal-skinned people can switch to something gentler, ideally low-lather and non-abrasive. (Obviously, dry and sensitive skin types should always avoid harsh cleansers, no matter what the season!)

The reason why you don't want to use a cleanser that's too aggressive for your skin type is because it can strip away the oils your skin needs to keep its barrier intact. Some gritty exfoliating cleansers can even create microscopic tears in the top layer of the skin. A compromised skin barrier means more potential for dehydration, irritation, sensitivity and breakouts.

Product recommendations:

If you're really attached to a cleanser that is slightly drying, then what you could do is use it just once a day (say, at night, when you've accumulated more sebum and dirt) and then wash with a creamy or low-lather cleanser in the morning.

Or, like I said here, don't feel like you need to actually wash your face twice a day. According to the derms I spoke to, just splashing water on it in the morning is perfectly fine.

Speaking of water, make sure to avoid hot water on your face. It's more stripping, so lukewarm or cold water are the way to go.

4. Get more moisture.

Moisturizer

Swap your lotion for a richer cream. (Photo: Shawn Campbell)

This is an obvious one, but it had to be said! In the weeks ahead, you'll probably need to make some changes to keep tight, flaky skin at bay. 

Besides regular moisturizing creams, here's some other stuff to consider, either in addition to them or instead:

  • Hydrating serums: Are you using a serum yet? I've already professed my love for them—they are topical treatment products that you put on clean, bare skin, underneath your regular moisturizer. They have a higher concentration of active ingredients that can penetrate faster and more deeply. 
  • Gel-cream moisturizers: If you don't actually like creams, and have oily or combo normal-to-oily skin, then gel-creams are a great way to get moisture without greasiness. I talked about these next-gen gels over here.
  • Oils: Another option is to simply spike your lotion or cream with a few drops of oil, which will make it richer. Or, you can layer on a few drops of oil as a last step in your regimen, so it acts like a barrier to the elements.
  • Sleeping masks: For more intensive nourishment, go to bed once or twice a week wearing a sleeping mask. Also known as sleep packs or overnight masks, these Korean imports have a gel texture (so they don't rub off on your pillow) and seal moisture into the skin.

Product recommendations:

If you switch to a cream but find that it is making you too shiny, then you could simply wear a lighter lotion or serum underneath your makeup for daytime, and save the greasy stuff for overnight.

Conclusion

Cleanse gently

Fall is the best time to target your skincare concerns. (Photo: Lo&)

I know it's sad that summer is ending, but fall is the actually the BEST time of year to tackle your skincare concerns, whether they include hyperpigmentation, acne, fine lines or overall dullness.

Many treatments simply cannot be used during the summer, because they make skin more sun-sensitive (so it would kinda be like shooting yourself in the foot). For things like IPL and lasers, you can't have a tan—even a fake one. So if there's something you really want to target, now is the time! 

Of course, dry skin is a real problem for us Canadians, and anyone else living in a similar climate. Get your gentler cleansing and moisturizing options lined up now, and you won't be hit as hard (if at all) by tight, chapped skin when the weather turns.

One last thing... don't forget your sunscreen! Just because the summer sun is leaving us doesn't mean you're not susceptible to UV damage. I wear Cyberderm Simply Zinc most often, but carry around the Éminence Organics Sun Defense Minerals or Colorescience Sunforgettable Mineral Sunscreen Brush for extra insurance during the daytime.

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What are your fall skincare goals? Do you have a favourite exfoliator, cleanser or moisturizer?

(Main photo: martinak15)